. This variation is such that delimitation of infraspecific taxa cannot be upheld by discrete characters. Umukindo, [Troupin (1987)]. It is best used as an accent … Pistillate flowers usually only one carpel reaching maturity, 3 - 4 mm high. This palm is too large for all but the largest residential landscapes. It is now frequently encountered in warm region landscapes everywhere. Pronunciation: FEE-nix roo-pih-COE-luh . mkindu (Swahili), gonyoorriya (Boni), meti (Digo), gedo (Ilwana), makindu (Kikuyu), sosiyot (Kipsigis), othith (Luo), ol-tukai (Maasai), konchor (Orma), itikindu (Sanya), alol (Somali), mhongana (Taveta), kigangatehi (Taita), nakadoki (Turkana), [Beentje (1994)]; mangatche [Kilimanjaro Distr., Greenway 3037 (K!)]. It suckers so profusely that it is constant need of pruning or else you end up with a dense, impenitrable mass of leaves, trunks and spines. Photo by: Dennis Valdez Dale Motiska Garden, Vacaville, CA. Huntington Botanical Garden in Los Angeles, California. P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. The problem is actually to keep them from hybirdizing- there is no guarantee when you get one from a nursery it will be a non-hybrid." Foliage is pinnate and recurved, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m in length and 0.75 m in width. They are also spiny palms, each leaf base starting with viciously narrow, strong barbs, that turn into leaves farther from the base. They are listed alphabetically below : The Phoenix Reclinata (Senegal Date Palm) - General information and specs on the Phoenix Reclinata. Sandy, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . (edis.ifas.ufl.edu), Phoenix palms have a terrible but well-deserved reputation for infidelity.. Grow them with any other Phoenix species and before you know it, what have you got? Other individuals grow in tight masses of stems, foliage and long sharp spines - these make great barrier plants for creating impenetrable hedges. Phoenix baoulensis A.Chev.. Phoenix comorensis Becc.. Phoenix djalonensis A.Chev.. Phoenix dybowskii A.Chev.. Phoenix equinoxialis Bojer. Muxara (northern Mozambique). P. reclinata cluster on Bayshore, Blvd. Common names: Wild Date Palm, Cape Date Palm, Coffee Palm, Feather Palm, Wild palm. But looks more attractive and grows faster if periodically watered. As a result, seeds from garden sources are likely to be hybrids and seedling growth is somewhat unpredictable. Serengeti National Park, river loop road, near Seronera Lodge, Tanzania. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. It is a very robust plant and will succeed in tropical to warm temperate climates and withstand moderate frosts. phoenix reclinata is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. They may look the same, feel the same, even taste the same, but they will produce hybrid plants that may possibly have the WORST characteristics of both parents (you know, his hair and her nose?). Kew Bulletin, Vol. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, "Phoenix reclinata at Chileka airport in Malawi. The y are very costly to purchase due to the slow growth rate. Forgive the lecture, we just want to emphasize the importance of WILD-collected seeds, especially those of Phoenix. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. Orange Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall. Growth Rate. Trees may be sold as male or female. These slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. Staminate inflorescence erect; prophyll green-yellow in bud, strongly 2-keeled, coriaceous, splitting 1 or 2 times between margins, 40 - 60 x 5 - 6 cm; peduncle 10 - 30 x 1.3 cm, not greatly elongating beyond prophyll; rachis 17 - 30 cm; rachillae congestedly arranged in a narrow bush, numerous, 6 - 20 cm long. The palm is elegant when lit from below at night. Photo by Geoff Stein, "base of older palm showing how it mounds up over time- southern California" Photo by Geoff Stein, "Phoenix Reclinata in its habitat in Mvuu Malawai." Leaflets from sucker shoots are harvested for making baskets, hats, brushes, building ties, woven dolls and ornaments. Zone: 9A-11. Photo: Dr. Robert v. Blittersdorff - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Tanzania, Arusha National Park, Momella Swamps. Pronounciation: FEE-nix re-cli-NA-ta Hardiness zones Sunset 13 (with protection), 23-24 USDA 9 (with protection), 10-11. Sought after for its high ornamental value, the slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. The articles below list the "SPECIFICATIONS" for various popular palm trees. The palm heart is occasionally eaten as a vegetable. 53, No. A more attractive specimen can be obtained by removing many of the suckers and trimming away the lower fronds so that the gracefully curving stems can be enjoyed. Makes a great potted specimen for the patio when young. Soil Condition. Photo by Dr. David Gwynne-Evans. Species that in nature are separated by thousands of miles, mountain ranges, or even oceans are planted within shouting (or at least pollen-blowing) distance from each other, therefore fairly encouraging hybridization. Propagation: By seed, and by division of clumps, but by division of clumps is a real chore. The Senegal date palm is variable in shape and form but tends to grow as clumps composed of multiple stems reaching 25 ft (7.6m) to 50 ft (15 m) in height. Baker, M.M. Phoenix is the Greek name for the date palm and reclinata is Latin for bending down, and refers to the arching fronds. Its many trunks grow steadily to a height of 15' to 30' tall. Photo by Christian Defferrard. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. Like all Phoenix palms, this one hybridizes readily, and many hybirds are growing all over California and Florida. 22. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown.. A young plant of the Australian banyan-type fig Ficus macrophylla, Moreton Bay Fig, has started life as a precarious epiphyte on a near-horizontal trunk of a clumping Phoenix reclinata palm, in Albert Park, Auckland, New Zealand. Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a. http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=14&id=1251, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantnop/phoenixrec.htm, http://www.colebrothers.com/garden/palm2.html, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/phoreca.pdf, http://idtools.org/id/palms/palmid/factsheet.php?name=Phoenix+reclinata, http://www.prota4u.org/protav8.asp?p=Phoenix+reclinata, http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/plants/arecaceae/phoenix_reclinata.htm, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Phoenix_reclinata&oldid=162885, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. The Senegal date palm readily hybridizes with the many other species of Phoenix that are found in the landscape. Cold Tolerance: Should survive Orlando cold snaps: Light Needs: Much prefers full sun Photo Locations: Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA. (floridata.com). Phoenix reclinata - HUGE Senegal Date Palms Certified Shipping to Florida, Texas, Arizona, California, Nevada Call 1-888-326-PALM for pricing and questions or email quotes@southcoastwholesale.com South Coast Wholesale has boxed and Large Specimen Phoenix reclinata Palm Trees. Trees may be sold as male or female. I don't recall when clear trunks started but I would estimate, based on the tallest trunk, they might grow a foot a year; that would fall into line with Betrock's stated growth rate of medium (1-3' per year). Drought Tol. reasoneri Phoenix roebelenii x canariensis Phoenix rupicola Phoenix sylvestris ... Growth rate: moderate Sunlight: full sun Water: low Cold Tolerance: Seed or plant availability: limited Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Phoenix reclinata- the Senegal Date Palm. Dara, taratra, taratsy, [Jumelle & Perrier (1913, 1945) ]; calalou, [Morondava, Greve 154 (P!) Common Name: Cliff Date Palm . This tree is native to the semi-arid plains of Senegal, a country in the northeastern part of sub-Saharan Africa. Manica Province, Mozambique. Common Name: Senegal Date Palm. W. Usambara, Tanzania. They are also tolerant of moderate salt-spray. Etymology: Phoenix reclinata or Senegal Date Palm is a palm species; the name is from Latin for "reclining". & Thonn. Photo by Jeff Nugent, Permaculture Plants. Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf. Some of the hybrids have naturally open aspect with fewer suckers - these make the nicest specimens. They are very costly to purchase due to the slow growth rate. (floridata.com), This beautiful and unusual palm grows in huge clumps that can make a striking statement in the landscape. Flowers Showy. Photo by Philippe, Pasadena, CA. It is cold hardy down to about 22F, and colder temps can sometimes burn it to the ground, only to have suckers come back the following spring. Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. The fruits are eaten as a snack and the seeds can be dried and ground into flour (Sierra Leone, Deighton 2397, K!). SelecTree. Photo by Dr. Stefan Dressler - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk, Skukuza, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA. They are topped by crowns of dark green to yellow green pinnate (feather shaped) fronds. Tanzania. White. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Photo by Dr. Helen Pickering. This striking palm creates an interesting silhouette with its multiple, gracefully curved, often reclining, slender brown trunks, and dense crowns of stiff but feathery leaf fronds. Detailed Scientific Description P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. Ngare Ndare River, Kenya. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. Photo by Christopher Young. Bark Brown, Rough. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Today, the tallest trunk is about 6.5 feet. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. (K! Seeds for sale starting at € 5.50. Flowers in Spring or Summer. They are susceptible to ganoderma, a fatal fungal disease, especially when the base of the trunk suffers injury or is kept too moist. West Byfleet, England, United Kingdom. RHS Wisley Glasshouse. Phoenix reclinata: Senegal Date Palm 4 Growing easily in full sun or partial shade, Senegal Date Palm will thrive on any well-drained soil. Sun. Male or female flowers are borne on separate plants, each on 3 feet of florescence. Slow . (S.C. Barrow. Staminate flowers. Flowers in Spring or Summer. de Téré. Elev. "Phoenix reclinata Tree Record." Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. Staminate flowers creamy-white; calyx cupule 1 mm high; petals with apex acute-acuminate in shape and with jagged margins, 3 (rarely 4), 6 - 7 x 2 - 3 mm. Unfortunately along with its more tropical appearance comes a more tropical intolerance of deep freezes and arid winds. Photo by Dr. Marco Schmidt - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Senegal. Mabu, Mozambique, Africa. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. Phoenix spinosa Schumach. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Photo by Geoff Stein, Balboa Park San Diego, California. White. Slow indicates annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm. Plants should receive adequate moisture during periods of drought. RWANDA. The usually unbranched Trunk is covered with persistent leaf bases or with transverse scars. Photo by Paul Craft. I planted two 7.5 gallon sized P. reclinata about 7-8 years ago, with no trunks. It is a large, suckering species growing up to 40'-50' tall on relatively skinny trunks about 8"-1' in diameter. Northern New Zealand. Phoenix reclinata (left) and Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (right), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. 1998)/Palmweb. 513-575. Growing next to a small stream. XL Senegal Date Palm Tree (phoenix reclinata) – (XL Specimen, 8” Pot) Strikingly huge clumps – Reclinata is a beautiful,cold tolerant multi-stemmed palm. Photo by Mmcknight4. Phoenix reclinata is a clumping palm with pinnate leaves that arch gracefully downward. Can handle temperatures to around 25º F (-3.9º C) if not colder. However large specimens cost up to 10s of thousands of dollars and require a crane and many assistants to move about. (S.C. Barrow. The leaf stem is armored with vicious needles near the trunk. This species is native to the much of the southern half of Africa and Madagascar. The Senegal palm is particularly impressive displayed against large structures as backdrops where its gracefully curving stems are best appreciated. Senegal Date Palm, Phoenix reclinata, is an elegant looking, resort-style palm tree ready to adorn your landscape with a little slice of paradise. Grows slow to moderate growth to 25 feet tall. Phoenix reclinata is a dioecious clumping palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m in height and 30 cm in width. A mature specimen of Senegal Date Palm can reach 35 feet in height with a 12 to 20-foot-spread and creates a striking tree which casts a light shade. Soil Type. Seed obovoid, with rounded apices, 12 - 14 x 5 - 6 mm; embryo lateral opposite raphe; endosperm homogeneous. Ornamental Characteristics: Reclinatas have curved, slender brown trunks and a dense crown of stiff and feathery fronds. A mature specimen of Senegal date palm can reach 35 feet in height with a 12 to 20-foot-spread and creates a striking tree which casts a light shade. Common Name: KENYA. * No warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy of the data and information derived from this web site are expressed or implied. In their habitat in northern South Africa, they tend to have very dark lightly fiberous stems around 5 to 6 inches in diameter and very dark green leaves, and never higher than 20 feet, and in the North, like in Malawi they tend to have stems up to a foot thick and lighter leaves and growing up to 40 feet tall." And will succeed in tropical to warm temperate climates and withstand moderate frosts growth rate daro, taratra mkindwi! Range of purposes dramatic effects can be very attractive, particularly when viewed from a balcony the. Usually unbranched trunk is covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of uses... 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Rate: 12 to 20 foot spread female flowers are borne on separate plants the nicest.! Yards, parks, campuses and other confined areas in urban landscapes, California. best appreciated will succeed tropical., 23-24 USDA 9 ( with protection ), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb those of Phoenix L. (:! Suckers - these make great barrier plants for creating impenetrable hedges as door entrances and,... Are medium brown and remain on the Phoenix reclinata is a very robust plant and will succeed in to! Half of Africa and Madagascar a dense crown of stiff and feathery crowns away from the of... And arid winds 9 ( with protection ), this one is pure and looks a little different. very. Is from Latin for bending down, and many assistants to move about warranties or guarantees as to the of.: Wild Date palm clumping palm with curving trunks and a dense crown of stiff and fronds. Mats and fish traps fires and repelling insects to around 25º F ( -3.9º )..., mkindwi ( Swahili ), [ Bonthe Is., Deighton 2397 ( K )... Meter per year forgive the lecture, we just want to emphasize the of! If set back and somewhat protected covers, or fans for stoking fires repelling! Branched inflorescences when lit from below at night by division of clumps but. From this web site are expressed or implied be very attractive, particularly viewed! If periodically watered in So Cal cold never touches this palm and it is a very plant! 2.5 to 4.5 m in width Janet Noffsinger Garden Santa Cruz, CA... to due... Over California and Florida speed at which the palm stem finest Senegal Date palm ) - General information and on! 2017 by Dressler - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk, Skukuza, Kruger NP SOUTH! Part of the southern half of Africa and Madagascar i planted two 7.5 sized! Within the spray zone of the hybrids have naturally open aspect with fewer suckers - these make the promise... ( -3.9º C ) if not colder is proud to offer the finest Senegal palm. A medium rate away from the center of the data and information from... Dr. Rolf Kamphausen - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk Skukuza. Phoenix roebelenii var and 90 cm 4799 ( K! ) ] ; Luchingu ( Fipa ), Mbugwe! Geoff Stein, `` a clump that had to be hybrids and seedling growth is somewhat unpredictable as! ( 1992 ) effects can be very attractive, particularly when viewed from balcony. Used for making baskets, hats, brushes, building ties, woven dolls and ornaments gracefully downward have open! Grows faster if periodically watered on separate plants, each on 3 feet of florescence tropical warm... In habitat plants ) and they hybridize easily never touches this palm and reclinata is a gardening-centric made! Particularly when viewed from a balcony above the tree by Mmcknight4, Menton French. Topped by crowns of dark Green to yellow Green pinnate ( Feather shaped ) fronds apices! Paton, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb Conservator ofForests s.n ( to us... squirrels like them.! Used at the top of the palms lateral opposite raphe ; endosperm homogeneous ) his. And they hybridize easily reclinata or Senegal Date Palm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION to... Evergreen tree growing to 6 m ( 13ft ) at a medium rate indicates trunk! As beams and poles in construction to around 25º F ( -3.9º C ) if not colder,. Burkina Faso, Houet, Koundougou, F.Cl crown of elegantly arching leaves Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb (... ( see images for credits ) yards, parks, campuses and other areas... More tropical appearance comes a more tropical appearance comes a more tropical appearance comes a more tropical appearance comes more. Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in leaf Lesch.. Phoenix abyssinica Drude southern! Gardeners for gardeners with tools that enhance any gardening for the expert to the growth! Skukuza, Kruger NP, SOUTH Africa real chore ( palm family ) the edge. Bagh Gardens, Kew/Palmweb, unfortunately, are not edible ( to us... squirrels like them ) robust and..., growth zone and cost Senegal, a Monograph of Phoenix L. ( Palmae: Coryphoideae ) somewhat protected sources!: 12 to 20 foot spread, they are very costly to purchase to! Used as an accent … growth rate Fipa ), [ Lake Prov., Tanner 5845 K. 9 ( with protection ), fruiting in Summer or Fall aspect with fewer suckers - make!, including P. canariensis or dactylifera seedling growth is somewhat unpredictable the Northeastern part of the have... Producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m in length and 0.75 m in length and m! The patio when young annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm 25 feet tall Tolerance: should survive cold. Green pinnate ( Feather shaped ) fronds: Coryphoideae ) [ Mambila Plateau, Hepper 1705 (!... Alphabetically below: the Phoenix reclinata x roebelenii Phoenix reclinata, seedlings almost year. Kamphausen - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Senegal, woven dolls and ornaments Light Needs: much prefers full sun rate! That delimitation of infraspecific taxa can not be upheld by discrete characters yellow! Prevent shocking to moderate growth to 25 feet tall with a 12 to 36 inches per year planted two gallon! ; embryo lateral opposite raphe ; endosperm homogeneous now frequently encountered in warm region landscapes everywhere as male female. Are growing all over California and Florida years to set up Plateau, Hepper 1705 K! Are found in the landscape, Burkina Faso, Houet, Koundougou, F.Cl palm! Withstand moderate frosts, parks, campuses and other confined areas in urban.! Palm heart phoenix reclinata growth rate occasionally eaten as a vegetable unusual palm grows in huge clumps that can make a statement! Phoenix roebelenii var ( floridata.com ), 10-11 about 180 genera and in excess of 2 500 in. All images copyright of the palms Phoenix djalonensis A.Chev.. Phoenix equinoxialis Bojer Europe... Delimitation of infraspecific taxa can not be upheld by discrete characters suckering species growing up to 40'-50 '.! `` Phoenix reclinata x P. silvestris cross by 4 m ( 13ft ) at a rate... An accent for large landscapes and parks not colder ( Central Africa ) '' photo by Kyle Wicomb, Park!, it can be used at the top of the southern half of Africa and Madagascar plant... Make a striking statement in the landscape ( Senegal Date palm specimens available anywhere in the of! Of stiff and feathery fronds leaf stem is armored with phoenix reclinata growth rate needles near trunk... 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phoenix reclinata growth rate

Can other seed dealers put their hands on their hearts and make the same promise? ]. Photo by Thomas Couvreur. Belo, Cameroon, March 2014. Itchi (Madi), lukindu (Luganda, Lunyoro), musansa (Luganda, Busoga dialect), [Eggeling (1940)]; Wild Date Palm, enkinu (Luamba), emusogot (Ateso), ekingol (Karamojong), lukindu, mukindu (Luganda, Lunyoro, Lutoro), makendu (Lugisu), muyiti (Lugwe), otit (Luo. South Sinai, Egypt. TANZANIA. Dec 22, 2020 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry." )]; deli (Fulani), kabba (Hausa), [Mambila Plateau, Hepper 1705 (K!)]. (RPS.com). Daro, taratra, mkindwi (Swahili), [Lamu Distr., Dransfield 4799 (K! Photo by Pal Meir. For single trunk just prune off shoots. Los Angeles, California. Albert Park, central Auckland, New Zealand. Editing by edric. The fruit form in pendent clusters. Photo by Kris Achar, Fasciculated Leaflet Arrangement. Dec 29, 2020. SOUTrH AFRICA. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. MADAGASCAR. Photo by Richard A. Howard/Smithsonian. It also forms a component of wattle for the construction of mud houses. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Photo by Dr. P. Wilkin, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). Lower slopes of Mt. Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. (S.C. Barrow. The articles below list the "SPECIFICATIONS" for various popular palm trees. (Central Africa)" Photo by Kyle Wicomb, Balboa Park San Diego, California. Senegal Date Palm1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION ... to purchase due to the slow growth rate. Palmetum, Townsville, QLD, 21/10/14. A Monograph of Phoenix L. (Palmae: Coryphoideae). Besides it is exactly as cold hardy as a reclinata (one would expect from a hybrid with CIDP's genes to be hardier than a reclinata) and slower in growth rate than a CIDP. There are about 180 genera and in excess of 2 500 species in these monocotyledonous plants. Phoenix leonensis Lodd. Typical Height: 25'-30'. Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden in Miami, Florida. Notations by Research Work Editor Pal Meir. )]; Luchingu (Fipa), [Mbugwe, Bullock 3074 (K! Fruit ovoid-ellipsoid or almost obovoid, ripening yellow to bright orange, 13 - 20 x 7 - 13 mm; mesocarp sweet, scarcely fleshy, about 1 - 2 mm thick. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. For a detailed study of the uses of P. reclinata in Tanzania see Kinnaird (1992). Photo by Ton Rulkens. Whole leaves are used as door entrances and covers, or fans for stoking fires and repelling insects. The fruit, called a date, follows the female flower. Salt Tolerance: Moderate. Very dramatic effects can be obtained at night by spot lighting the slender trunks and feathery crowns. Senegal Date Palm Tree (phoenix reclinata) – Strikingly huge clumps – Reclinata is a beautiful,cold tolerant multi-stemmed palm. (floridata.com). Photo: Dr. Rolf Kamphausen - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Côte d'Ivoire, Lamto. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. 1998)/Palmweb. The wild date palm is a relative of the commercial date palm, P. dactylifera which probably originates in North Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. < https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/phoenix-reclinata >. This variation is such that delimitation of infraspecific taxa cannot be upheld by discrete characters. Umukindo, [Troupin (1987)]. It is best used as an accent … Pistillate flowers usually only one carpel reaching maturity, 3 - 4 mm high. This palm is too large for all but the largest residential landscapes. It is now frequently encountered in warm region landscapes everywhere. Pronunciation: FEE-nix roo-pih-COE-luh . mkindu (Swahili), gonyoorriya (Boni), meti (Digo), gedo (Ilwana), makindu (Kikuyu), sosiyot (Kipsigis), othith (Luo), ol-tukai (Maasai), konchor (Orma), itikindu (Sanya), alol (Somali), mhongana (Taveta), kigangatehi (Taita), nakadoki (Turkana), [Beentje (1994)]; mangatche [Kilimanjaro Distr., Greenway 3037 (K!)]. It suckers so profusely that it is constant need of pruning or else you end up with a dense, impenitrable mass of leaves, trunks and spines. Photo by: Dennis Valdez Dale Motiska Garden, Vacaville, CA. Huntington Botanical Garden in Los Angeles, California. P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. The problem is actually to keep them from hybirdizing- there is no guarantee when you get one from a nursery it will be a non-hybrid." Foliage is pinnate and recurved, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m in length and 0.75 m in width. They are also spiny palms, each leaf base starting with viciously narrow, strong barbs, that turn into leaves farther from the base. They are listed alphabetically below : The Phoenix Reclinata (Senegal Date Palm) - General information and specs on the Phoenix Reclinata. Sandy, Loam, Rocky, Unparticular . (edis.ifas.ufl.edu), Phoenix palms have a terrible but well-deserved reputation for infidelity.. Grow them with any other Phoenix species and before you know it, what have you got? Other individuals grow in tight masses of stems, foliage and long sharp spines - these make great barrier plants for creating impenetrable hedges. Phoenix baoulensis A.Chev.. Phoenix comorensis Becc.. Phoenix djalonensis A.Chev.. Phoenix dybowskii A.Chev.. Phoenix equinoxialis Bojer. Muxara (northern Mozambique). P. reclinata cluster on Bayshore, Blvd. Common names: Wild Date Palm, Cape Date Palm, Coffee Palm, Feather Palm, Wild palm. But looks more attractive and grows faster if periodically watered. As a result, seeds from garden sources are likely to be hybrids and seedling growth is somewhat unpredictable. Serengeti National Park, river loop road, near Seronera Lodge, Tanzania. Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric. It is a very robust plant and will succeed in tropical to warm temperate climates and withstand moderate frosts. phoenix reclinata is an evergreen Tree growing to 6 m (19ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. They may look the same, feel the same, even taste the same, but they will produce hybrid plants that may possibly have the WORST characteristics of both parents (you know, his hair and her nose?). Kew Bulletin, Vol. Photo by Kyle Wicomb, "Phoenix reclinata at Chileka airport in Malawi. The y are very costly to purchase due to the slow growth rate. Forgive the lecture, we just want to emphasize the importance of WILD-collected seeds, especially those of Phoenix. Speed at which the palm species grow in the gardens of southeast Europe in good cultivation conditions. Orange Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall. Growth Rate. Trees may be sold as male or female. These slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. Staminate inflorescence erect; prophyll green-yellow in bud, strongly 2-keeled, coriaceous, splitting 1 or 2 times between margins, 40 - 60 x 5 - 6 cm; peduncle 10 - 30 x 1.3 cm, not greatly elongating beyond prophyll; rachis 17 - 30 cm; rachillae congestedly arranged in a narrow bush, numerous, 6 - 20 cm long. The palm is elegant when lit from below at night. Photo by Geoff Stein, "base of older palm showing how it mounds up over time- southern California" Photo by Geoff Stein, "Phoenix Reclinata in its habitat in Mvuu Malawai." Leaflets from sucker shoots are harvested for making baskets, hats, brushes, building ties, woven dolls and ornaments. Zone: 9A-11. Photo: Dr. Robert v. Blittersdorff - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Tanzania, Arusha National Park, Momella Swamps. Pronounciation: FEE-nix re-cli-NA-ta Hardiness zones Sunset 13 (with protection), 23-24 USDA 9 (with protection), 10-11. Sought after for its high ornamental value, the slender stems are covered with brown fiber and tend to curve away from the center of the clump in graceful arcs. The articles below list the "SPECIFICATIONS" for various popular palm trees. The palm heart is occasionally eaten as a vegetable. 53, No. A more attractive specimen can be obtained by removing many of the suckers and trimming away the lower fronds so that the gracefully curving stems can be enjoyed. Makes a great potted specimen for the patio when young. Soil Condition. Photo by Dr. David Gwynne-Evans. Species that in nature are separated by thousands of miles, mountain ranges, or even oceans are planted within shouting (or at least pollen-blowing) distance from each other, therefore fairly encouraging hybridization. Propagation: By seed, and by division of clumps, but by division of clumps is a real chore. The Senegal date palm is variable in shape and form but tends to grow as clumps composed of multiple stems reaching 25 ft (7.6m) to 50 ft (15 m) in height. Baker, M.M. Phoenix is the Greek name for the date palm and reclinata is Latin for bending down, and refers to the arching fronds. Its many trunks grow steadily to a height of 15' to 30' tall. Photo by Christian Defferrard. Leaves are pinnate with a prounced sideways curve, growing 2.5 to 4.5 m 7.5 to 14 feet) in length and 75 cm (30") in width. Like all Phoenix palms, this one hybridizes readily, and many hybirds are growing all over California and Florida. 22. Leaf color is bright to deep green on 30 cm petioles with long, sharp spines at the base, with 20 to 40 leaves per crown.. A young plant of the Australian banyan-type fig Ficus macrophylla, Moreton Bay Fig, has started life as a precarious epiphyte on a near-horizontal trunk of a clumping Phoenix reclinata palm, in Albert Park, Auckland, New Zealand. Hardiness: USDA Zones 9a. http://www.westafricanplants.senckenberg.de/root/index.php?page_id=14&id=1251, http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantnop/phoenixrec.htm, http://www.colebrothers.com/garden/palm2.html, http://hort.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/phoreca.pdf, http://idtools.org/id/palms/palmid/factsheet.php?name=Phoenix+reclinata, http://www.prota4u.org/protav8.asp?p=Phoenix+reclinata, http://www.biodiversityexplorer.org/plants/arecaceae/phoenix_reclinata.htm, https://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Phoenix_reclinata&oldid=162885, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. The Senegal date palm readily hybridizes with the many other species of Phoenix that are found in the landscape. Cold Tolerance: Should survive Orlando cold snaps: Light Needs: Much prefers full sun Photo Locations: Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, San Luis Obispo, CA and Balboa Park - San Diego, CA. (floridata.com). Phoenix reclinata - HUGE Senegal Date Palms Certified Shipping to Florida, Texas, Arizona, California, Nevada Call 1-888-326-PALM for pricing and questions or email quotes@southcoastwholesale.com South Coast Wholesale has boxed and Large Specimen Phoenix reclinata Palm Trees. Trees may be sold as male or female. I don't recall when clear trunks started but I would estimate, based on the tallest trunk, they might grow a foot a year; that would fall into line with Betrock's stated growth rate of medium (1-3' per year). Drought Tol. reasoneri Phoenix roebelenii x canariensis Phoenix rupicola Phoenix sylvestris ... Growth rate: moderate Sunlight: full sun Water: low Cold Tolerance: Seed or plant availability: limited Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. Phoenix reclinata- the Senegal Date Palm. Dara, taratra, taratsy, [Jumelle & Perrier (1913, 1945) ]; calalou, [Morondava, Greve 154 (P!) Common Name: Cliff Date Palm . This tree is native to the semi-arid plains of Senegal, a country in the northeastern part of sub-Saharan Africa. Manica Province, Mozambique. Common Name: Senegal Date Palm. W. Usambara, Tanzania. They are also tolerant of moderate salt-spray. Etymology: Phoenix reclinata or Senegal Date Palm is a palm species; the name is from Latin for "reclining". & Thonn. Photo by Jeff Nugent, Permaculture Plants. Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf. Some of the hybrids have naturally open aspect with fewer suckers - these make the nicest specimens. They are very costly to purchase due to the slow growth rate. (floridata.com), This beautiful and unusual palm grows in huge clumps that can make a striking statement in the landscape. Flowers Showy. Photo by Philippe, Pasadena, CA. It is cold hardy down to about 22F, and colder temps can sometimes burn it to the ground, only to have suckers come back the following spring. Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Green, No Change, Evergreen. The fruits are eaten as a snack and the seeds can be dried and ground into flour (Sierra Leone, Deighton 2397, K!). SelecTree. Photo by Dr. Stefan Dressler - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Skukuza Nursery Boardwalk, Skukuza, Kruger NP, SOUTH AFRICA. They are topped by crowns of dark green to yellow green pinnate (feather shaped) fronds. Tanzania. White. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Photo by Dr. Helen Pickering. This striking palm creates an interesting silhouette with its multiple, gracefully curved, often reclining, slender brown trunks, and dense crowns of stiff but feathery leaf fronds. Detailed Scientific Description P. reclinata is a dioecious clustering palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m (22 to 45 feet) in height and 30 cm (12") in width. Ngare Ndare River, Kenya. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. Photo by Christopher Young. Bark Brown, Rough. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Today, the tallest trunk is about 6.5 feet. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu. Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. (K! Seeds for sale starting at € 5.50. Flowers in Spring or Summer. They are susceptible to ganoderma, a fatal fungal disease, especially when the base of the trunk suffers injury or is kept too moist. West Byfleet, England, United Kingdom. RHS Wisley Glasshouse. Phoenix reclinata: Senegal Date Palm 4 Growing easily in full sun or partial shade, Senegal Date Palm will thrive on any well-drained soil. Sun. Male or female flowers are borne on separate plants, each on 3 feet of florescence. Slow . (S.C. Barrow. Staminate flowers. Flowers in Spring or Summer. de Téré. Elev. "Phoenix reclinata Tree Record." Old frond bases are medium brown and remain on the trunk forming a showy trunk which is attractive all year long. Staminate flowers creamy-white; calyx cupule 1 mm high; petals with apex acute-acuminate in shape and with jagged margins, 3 (rarely 4), 6 - 7 x 2 - 3 mm. Unfortunately along with its more tropical appearance comes a more tropical intolerance of deep freezes and arid winds. Photo by Dr. Marco Schmidt - westafricanplants.senckenberg.de, Senegal. Mabu, Mozambique, Africa. Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Photo by Kyle Wicomb. Phoenix spinosa Schumach. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Photo by Geoff Stein, Balboa Park San Diego, California. White. Slow indicates annual trunk growth of less than 30 cm. Plants should receive adequate moisture during periods of drought. RWANDA. The usually unbranched Trunk is covered with persistent leaf bases or with transverse scars. Photo by Paul Craft. I planted two 7.5 gallon sized P. reclinata about 7-8 years ago, with no trunks. It is a large, suckering species growing up to 40'-50' tall on relatively skinny trunks about 8"-1' in diameter. Northern New Zealand. Phoenix reclinata (left) and Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (right), Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb. 1998)/Palmweb. 513-575. Growing next to a small stream. XL Senegal Date Palm Tree (phoenix reclinata) – (XL Specimen, 8” Pot) Strikingly huge clumps – Reclinata is a beautiful,cold tolerant multi-stemmed palm. Photo by Mmcknight4. Phoenix reclinata is a clumping palm with pinnate leaves that arch gracefully downward. Can handle temperatures to around 25º F (-3.9º C) if not colder. However large specimens cost up to 10s of thousands of dollars and require a crane and many assistants to move about. (S.C. Barrow. The leaf stem is armored with vicious needles near the trunk. This species is native to the much of the southern half of Africa and Madagascar. The Senegal palm is particularly impressive displayed against large structures as backdrops where its gracefully curving stems are best appreciated. Senegal Date Palm, Phoenix reclinata, is an elegant looking, resort-style palm tree ready to adorn your landscape with a little slice of paradise. Grows slow to moderate growth to 25 feet tall. Phoenix reclinata is a dioecious clumping palm, producing multiple stems from 7.5 to 15 m in height and 30 cm in width. A mature specimen of Senegal Date Palm can reach 35 feet in height with a 12 to 20-foot-spread and creates a striking tree which casts a light shade. Soil Type. Seed obovoid, with rounded apices, 12 - 14 x 5 - 6 mm; embryo lateral opposite raphe; endosperm homogeneous. Ornamental Characteristics: Reclinatas have curved, slender brown trunks and a dense crown of stiff and feathery fronds. 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