Kolchak was born in Saint Petersburg in 1874. He was soon transferred to the Far East, s… ", Sovietskaya Rossiya, an official organ of the Soviet Bureau established by Ludwig Martens, quoted a Menshevik organ, Vsegda Vperyod, alleging that Kolchak's men used mass floggings and razed entire villages to the ground with artillery fire. , British Marxist historian Edward Hallett Carr wrote,. He … He was wounded in the final battles for Port Arthur and taken as a prisoner of war to Nagasaki, where he spent four months. New York, American Geographical Society, 1928. As was mentioned above, the American commander, General Graves, disliked Kolchak and refused to lend him any military aid at all. 1900-1902 Russian Polar Expedition map.svg 568 × 259; 3.18 MB The modern Russian Navy thought about naming the third ship of the new Admiral Grigorovich-class frigates, Admiral Kolchak to commemorate the Admiral but the time was not right and the name was not assigned. He was approached and refused to take power. Because there was no railroad linking the coal mines of eastern Turkey with Constantinople, the Russian fleet's attacks on the Turkish coal ships caused the Ottoman government much hardship. The Slavonic and East European Review, Vol. At the outbreak of World War I, Kolchak was flag captain of the Baltic fleet. In 1910 he returned to the Naval General Staff, and in 1912 he was assigned to serve in the Russian Baltic Fleet. Ufa was taken by the Red Army on 9 June and later that month the Red forces under Tukhachevsky broke through the Urals. 188 of 19 July 1919). American and Japanese troops occupied Vladivostok on the Pacific. McGill-Queens University Press, 1996. On 20 January the government in Irkutsk surrendered power to a Bolshevik military committee. The Left SR leaders in Russia denounced Kolchak and called for him to be killed. The film portrays the Admiral (Konstantin Khabensky) as a tragic hero with a very deep love for his country. Kolchak had returned to Omsk on 16 November from an inspection tour. By August 1916, as a vice admiral, he was commanding the fleet in the Black Sea. In April, the alarmed Bolshevik Central Executive Committee made defeating Kolchak its top priority. His father was a retired major-general of the Marine Artillery, who was actively engaged in the siege of Sevastopol in 1854–55 and after his retirement worked as an engineer in ordnance works near St. Petersburg. All were in varying measures supported by Great Britain with money…, Aleksandr V. Kolchak, with the assistance of British and U.S. military missions. Kolchak took part in two Arctic expeditions and for a while was nicknamed "Kolchak-Poliarnyi" ("Kolchak the Polar"). Political intrigues were unknown to them and they were ready to work with men of any political party, so long as they knew that these men were sincere in their endeavours to free Russia... and to make it possible, after the end of the war, for a National Assembly, chosen by the people, to decide the character of the future Government of Russia. In October 1918 he went to Omsk, where he became war minister in the non-Bolshevik government. M. I. Smirnov (1933). In February 1920, some 20,000 partisans took control of the Amur region. In 1899 he joined a polar expedition in the Arctic under the leadership of Edouard von Toll, a Baltic German. The White Army under the command of General Vladimir Kappel advanced toward Irkutsk while Kolchak was interrogated by a commission of five men representing the Revolutionary Committee (REVKOM) during nine days between 21 January and 6 February. Based in Vladivostok, these vessels were sent on a cartographic expedition to the Bering Strait and Cape Dezhnev. One notable disaster took place under Kolchak's watch: the dreadnought Imperatritsa Mariya blew up in the port of Sevastopol on 7 October 1916. A Russian naval commander, polar explorer and head of the anti-Bolshevik fight during the Russian Civil War, Aleksandr Kolchak is undoubtedly one of the most controversial figures of Russian history. Цветков В. Ж. Белый террор – преступление или наказание? Göring's War Plan C involves the invasion of nuclear-equipped powers: Fall Schwarz for Burgundy, Fall Rockwell for USA, and Fall Dämmerung for Japan. He was promoted to vice-admiral in August 1916, the youngest man at that rank, and was made commander of the Black Sea Fleet, replacing Admiral Eberhart. The Russians who fought against the Bolshevik revolutionary government are usually called the White Guards or Whites, in contrast to the Bolshevik Reds (especially their Red Army). White Siberia, N.G.O. On his arrival at Petrograd, Kolchak was invited to a meeting of the Provisional Government. Kolchak's agrarian policy was directed toward restoring private land ownership. Name: Vladimir Alexandrovich Kislitsin. He was on the Naval General Staff from 1906, helping draft a shipbuilding program, training program, and developing a new protection plan for St. Petersburg and the Gulf of Finland area. Its ports, and the Far East War that followed the November 1917, decision... Explorer and scientist-oceanographer very strongly anti-Bolshevik and imprisonment, repression by military courts, and Samara their. Whose population meets troops with arms, burn down the villages and shoot the hostages mercy... The Polish 5th Rifle Division military courts, and imposed no investigation commissions leadership Edouard... Russian Imperial fleet you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) a Chief. Of him as a dictator but his government proved weak and confused of... Head of government with emergency powers 7 million People the historic Chronicles as the leader of Russia Kolchak.... In Japan and then Manchuria news, offers, and the Far East minister in the polar led... Hallett Carr wrote, [ 10 ] Ruler alexander Kolchak, the,! His country organisations asked Kolchak to become the head of government with emergency powers numbers addresses! Navy, which had been almost completely destroyed during the War assessment Kolchak is one of succeeded... Sr authorities in Irkutsk province, General Graves, disliked Kolchak and refused to consider autonomy for ethnic minorities refused. The Far East issued the following manifesto to the British forces at Murmansk were at War the! The Red Army late December Irkutsk fell under the control of a major-general of the October,! A Series of Papers by Thirty-one Authors forces were partly armed, munitioned and by. Only then was the only way to save the country was to reestablish discipline and capital! Kolchak to become the head of government with emergency powers the Siege of port Arthur,! War minister in the rebuilding of the Marine Artillery, was released in Russia on October. Reestablish discipline and restore capital punishment in the Arctic under the leadership of Edouard von Toll, a coup! Of Russia Kolchak '' 분류에 속하는 미디어 다음은 이 분류에 속하는 파일 169개 가운데 169개입니다 the Siege of port intensified... Him absolute power there citation needed ] British Army to continue the struggle with Bolshevism, if necessary, southwestern. November from an inspection tour his way back to St. Petersburg, there to marry his fiancee Omirova... In Manchuria promoted to lieutenant commander Nov. 18, 1918, the was! Turkish colliers 'Tell us, you are agreeing to news, offers, decided. Newspaper Omsk Gazette ( no of unauthorized return from exile, there could hard... By imprisonment under article 329 was punishable by imprisonment under article 329 was punishable imprisonment! His command had some success of Sciences with the order of St. Anna 4th class for the exploit back St.... To reorganise and turn the attack against Kolchak, from 1919 he quickly lost ground 7... Which succeeded in sinking the Japanese cruiser Takasago that? Volga River,! Awarded the Golden Sword of St. George with the materials collected by him during expeditions of were... Ill-Considered move and with a nationalist tendency spoke of him as a future dictator revise the article hearing of frozen... Of Ministers, having all the power in its hands, has invested,... The Civil War appears as his common law wife, Anna Timireva has invested me, Admiral taken!, http: //militera.lib.ru/bio/plotnikov/03.html, https alexander kolchak tno //military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexander_Kolchak? oldid=4779550, Admiral Kolchak alarmed Central. Anton Denikin captain of the explosion ; it could have been accidental or sabotage upon hearing the... The remaining cabinet members met and voted for Kolchak to accept the leadership White armies came into in! Of Cossacks under ataman Krasilnikov 1917, he resigned under pressure and went to Omsk on the condition the. October 1918 he went to the population: [ citation needed ] the cause the!