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can a pope be excommunicated

It is thus entirely possible that a Pope would be genuinely unaware that a particular offense was punishable by excommunication. So it is indeed correct to say that Pius XII’s Constitution explicitly allows an excommunicated cardinal to be validly elected pope. Hunger Math – a blog about world hunger, by the numbers. According to this classification, as a general rule, only the pope can absolve from the first two kinds of excommunication, although his power extends to the others; bishops (ordinaries), but not other priests, can remove excommunications of the third class; finally, those of the fourth class, and those only, can be revoked by any approved priest, without further special delegation. Why Would a Catholic Cleric Desecrate an Altar? How could a Pope do any of these things within the Church, if he himself had been removed from communion with that Church? What is the pastoral approach to something like this? c. 1314). When it is applied, it’s considered “permanent” insofar as it’s up to the excommunicated party to take the necessary steps to resolve the situation. I don’t believe the current pope has excommunicated anyone. This canon provides a whole list of situations, any one of which will render a person not liable to a penalty. Here a bigger sin is committed. Perhaps the most gripping story of excommunication is that of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV, who was excommunicated three times by Pope Gregory VII. The Pope is above all the provisions of Canon law which are not direct expressions of faith or morals. Imagine a Pope who had been excommunicated latae sententiae, but was blithely ignoring that fact, continuing to select new diocesan bishops, accept episcopal resignations, create new dioceses, remove high-ranking officials from office, canonize saints, etc. Is it, then, theoretically possible for a Pope to be excommunicated? My guess is that, were a Pope to abuse his free will in this way, God would short-circuit the dilemma by striking him dead before the theoretical problem became a real dilemma. To read the Kindle versions of my books, without a Kindle device, get the free cloud reader — or — any of the free Kindle reading apps. Recently a cardinal was stripped from cardinalate for sins of the flesh. 1378) who committed an excommunicable offense, he is not subject to the penalty, and cannot be excommunicated. Excommunication can be a frightening word. mpartyka October 7, 2008, 10:29pm #1. The target does not control the religious head. Again, the answer is yes, because the Constitution used the terms active and passive election, which mean, respectively, being able to vote and being able to be elected. He acts freely and with full knowledge, without fear or coercion; he is well aware that he will be excommunicated as a result… and he does it anyway. None of the content of this website may be reproduced, either in whole or in part, without the advance written permission of the author. If you understand the whole point of excommunicating somebody, you can appreciate that the notion of getting excommunicated “by accident” is perfectly ridiculous, as it makes no theological or canonical sense at all. I don’t say they must be anathematized (although in past centuries it would be considered too). An Italian Catholic priest who considers Pope Francis an antipope and claims to have supernatural communications with angels, saints and the Madonna has been excommunicated. Edited for … The pope could only excommunicate himself latae sentencae, and even then, it would only affect his person, not the office. Apologetics. Those two, along with some others, do not show they will walk out of the Church rather they stay and destroy the flock from inside. The indefectibility of the Church therefore guarantees that he is the true valid Pope. The Virus and the Bishops: Twisting a Vatican Document to Further an Agenda. 4. Excommunication is a sanction that deprives a Catholic of all participation in the common blessings of the society of the Church. Q: There are certain enumerated acts which trigger automatic, latae sententiae excommunication. * Pope Francis vs. Pope Paul IV’s Ex Apostolatus Officio. Papal critics: “Let us explain to you why Pope Francis is wrong.” Anything that the Pope is able to change or dispense from, the Pope is not held to obey. Words echoed throughout the conservative media as words of the “true cardinal” with hidden or overt comments how he must be the next pope. Therefore, Pope Francis cannot be excommunicated. We only know that He has promised that the forces of evil will not prevail over His Church; how He wishes to go about protecting the Church is of course entirely up to Him. But so few people actually understand this! Pope Francis has been accepted by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff. Pope Francis can’t be excommunicated. John of St. Thomas explains that this final declaration (declaration of deprivation) must also come from a general council. Some Canons are direct expression of teachings, even infallible teachings, on faith and morals. They can cite this very biblical passage in support of their position. When I have asked others about this in the past, the response has usually been, “God forbid that a Pope would do such a thing!” I agree with that sentiment, of course, but it dodges the question. A few eventchains can also lead to exco… And there’s nothing automatic about that—on the contrary, it’s a safe bet that most Catholics who commit crimes punishable by latae sententiae excommunication are not actually excommunicated as a result. These are sacrilege, breaking the seal of the confessional and giving … The target did not recently have an excommunication lifted. Can a Pope be automatically excommunicated? {12:2} Then the Pharisees, seeing this, said to him, “Behold, your disciples are doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbaths.” Pope Sixtus V forbid anyone from changing his edition of the Latin Vulgate Bible. She founded this website to provide clear answers to canonical questions asked by ordinary Catholics, without employing all the mysterious legalese that canon lawyers know and love. I will stick with the Ipso Facto scenario. In general, when someone has been excommunicated latae sententiae, it often happens that church authorities will officially make a public declaration to that effect. The 1983 Code of Canon Law attaches the penalty of automatic excommunication to the following actions: Apostates, heretics, and schismatics (can. Probably the biggest problem here is that these two Latin terms are simply untranslatable into English. Why is Google hiding the posts on this website in its search results? The whole purpose of medicine is to make a sick person get better; and similarly, the whole purpose of medicinal penalties like excommunication is to prompt the return of a Catholic who has done something to cut himself off from the Church. Ronald L. Conte Jr. committed a grave offense that caused you to be spiritually separated from the Church and the community of the faithful I just read the recent lecture of cardinal Burke. And so we can only leave this theoretical problem in His Hands. For very technical reasons which are outside the scope of this piece, theologians and canonists generally hold that such acts by a Pope in this situation would be illicit, yet valid; but all the uncertainty and chaos that this would cause in any event is painfully obvious. They are of Canon law per se. Does not sound like there is an excommunication on the horizon by the Pope. Is there a process? After all he wrote against the pope , he now claims the papalatry is not needed, i.e. Excommunication is the harshest penalty the church can apply. He cannot be removed from office by any means whatsoever, other than death or resignation. In the wake of Pope Francis’ letter to the president of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelization for the Jubilee Year of Mercy dated Sept. 1, 2015, there has been much discussion about abortion and the penalty of excommunication. Now try to reconcile this hypothetical chaotic situation within the Church, with Our Lord’s words to Peter in Matthew 16, quoted earlier. Any ruler can ask for another ruler of the same religious denomination to be excommunicated if: 1. It can’t get much simpler than that. What about ferendae sententiae penalties? A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject [Titus 3:10] According to Canon, a Pope who is heretic, theoretically can be excommunicated. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. Jesus (Lk 22:32) promised that he would pray for Peter and his successors, so that their faith would not fail, and so that each Pope would then turn and confirm the faith of the body of Bishops (implying that their faith, as a body, will not fail). Those guilty ones should be stripped from the cardinalate as well, without any further mercy or delay. Does the pope excommunicate someone, or can a bishop? I put it as simple as possible. Too many people think that excommunication is some sort of a cudgel, with which the Catholic Church beats its errant members—but far from it! First of all, it’s worth noting that an incredibly small number of Catholics around the world even understand what excommunication really is. What are the consequences for someone who is excommunicated? The reality is no less grave. That is very dangerous. This is a dogma of the First Vatican Council. Therefore, since canon 1370.1 asserts that one is excommunicated for using “physical force” against the Pope, no one can extrapolate from this statement that any other, non-physical sort of violence—such as criticism or verbal abuse—constitutes an excommunicable offense under this canon. He need not change or dispense the law first. The Reproach of Christ now features guest posts by: Francisco Figueroa. If an invalid Pope or antipope were ever accepted by the body of Bishops, the Church would have defected, which is not possible. {12:4} how he entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? Never under any circumstances. Still, we saw that we can rest assured Christ will never abandon the Church to error, as He said to Peter in Matthew 16:18-19: And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my Church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. Pope Francis has already met with Martin with a much publicized build up to that meeting, which I believe Marin called "Fruitful". How could a sick person possibly be subjected to medical treatment, if he doesn’t even know that he’s sick, and doesn’t realize that the treatment is taking place? 5. A list of my Roman Catholic theology books and booklets. Sanctions, Part I,” but in a nutshell, excommunication is categorized as a medicinal penalty in the Code of Canon Law (c. 1312.1 n. 1). Armed with all this information, let’s now apply it to a hypothetical situation involving a Pope, and see what conclusions we can reach. It therefore seems reasonable to surmise that rumors would swirl, and confusion would quickly spread, both within and without the Church! Therefore, the Roman Pontiff and the body of Bishops each have the gift of a never-failing faith from Jesus, by the Holy Spirit. But for the sake of argument, let’s say that a Pope commits some crime punishable by latae sententiae excommunication, and he fulfills all the conditions of canon 1323. by Now what? he is the true catholic pastor who defends the Church even when he attacks the pope, and all the other is papalatry. Sanctions, Part III,” and “Canon Law and the SSPX”). To minimize the possibility of them gathering somewhere and electing an antipope after pope Francis resigns or dies. And if so, what would happen, and how would it work? Re-post: Confession and General Absolution. Pope Francis is Our Holy Father, Supreme Head of the whole Church, Father and Teacher of all Christians, and Supreme Pontiff. Canon 1331 lays out the practical ramifications of excommunication, noting among other things that an excommunicated Catholic is forbidden to exercise any ecclesiastical offices, ministries, functions or acts of governance (c. 1331.1 n. 3). Please check the Archives first–it’s likely your question was already addressed. 2. Biblia Sacra Vulgatæ Editionis Conte editore 2009, Catholic Public Domain Version [paperback]. So could the Church ever conceivably be headed by an excommunicated Pope? First of all, if a Pope were to commit a crime punishable by a latae sententiae excommunication, like any other Catholic he would have to fulfill all of the conditions listed in canon 1323, for the excommunication to be incurred. If you do something that is punishable by a latae sententiae excommunication, but you didn’t know it was punishable by a latae sententiae excommunication, then you are not excommunicated. But for the sake of argument, let’s say that a Pope commits some crime punishable by latae sententiae excommunication, and he fulfills all the conditions of canon 1323. 1367) A person who physically attacks the pope (can. etc. The penalty is designed to encourage repentance and can … Therefore, the Pope can never be excommunicated. And as Howard observes, many Catholics will simply say—and with good reason—that God would never allow such a thing. etc. But as we’ve just seen, if a Pope were to be excommunicated latae sententiae, nobody in the Vatican has the authority to make a declaration like this. (‘Heresy’ Defined),” we discussed the fact that the Code of Canon Law contains no direct, specific answer to the question of whether a Pope could fall into heresy. Can Pope Francis Be Excommunicated? Gorgias January 27, 2017, 2:27pm #2. Can I Get an Annulment If My Ex-Spouse Refuses to Cooperate? Refusing First Holy Communion to Children Who Are Ill-Prepared, Ecclesia Supplet: Making Invalid Sacraments Valid, Invalid Baptisms and Unaccountable Clergy. If an ordinary layperson is excommunicated, this might not be relevant; but in the case of a Pope it would be relevant indeed, as a Pope obviously holds the ecclesiastical office par excellence! The target does not control more cardinals than the requester (for Catholics, with Sons of AbrahamDLC). Then subsequently he broke that law, by his own action. the Vatican’s 1988 declaration of the excommunication of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, Are They Excommunicated? Click here for more information. In cases involving punishments of this type, there is necessarily a lot of back-and-forth between the accused person and the official who imposes the penalty, so the accused is certainly well aware of what is happening to him, and why. If not, Pope Benedict paved the way for her excommunication. John relented in 1213 and was restored to communion. –Mike. When (and How Much) Can a Bishop Tax a Parish. 1 It is the most serious penalty the Church can inflict, and is used only in the most severe cases. In the past Cathy has published articles both in scholarly journals and on various popular Catholic websites, including Real Presence Communications and Catholic Exchange. Can a Pope Commit Heresy? The penalty for apostasy, heresy, or schism is automatic excommunication. He was not guilty of violating the law, and he is above Church law. This is particularly the case when the Christian faithful need to know that an authority figure in the Catholic Church is no longer in communion with the Church, and should be avoided. Subscribe to my RSS Feed. Needless to say, it has never happened in the history of the Catholic Church that a Pope has been excommunicated, so there is no past precedent of any kind here. Sanctions, Part III. {12:3} But he said to them: “Have you not read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him: Cathy Caridi, J.C.L., is an American canon lawyer who practices law and teaches in Rome. {12:1} At that time, Jesus went out through the ripe grain on the Sabbath. There are no sins that the Roman Pontiff is permitted by the prevenient grace of God to commit which also carry the penalty of excommunication for a Roman Pontiff. He can never be cut off from the Church by some offense or some sin, and thereby lose his authority and office. (‘Heresy’ Defined), Is She Excommunicated? The concept was addressed in “Am I Excommunicated? If even one of these conditions applies to a Catholic (including a Pope!) Sanctions, Part II” for more on excommunication and abortion). Biden to be excommunicated (if Father Byers become Pope) Joe Biden has spent a lifetime trying his level best to push for ever more millions of innocent little children in the womb to suffer being torn limb from limb, sucked into vacuums with shredding blades, having them melted with acid and all the gruesomeness of procured abortion. Each Roman Pontiff has the gift, from the prevenient grace of God, of truth and a never-failing faith. They still might save their souls. Recently a series of stories burbled through the mainstream media suggesting that Nancy Pelosi has been excommunicated or denied Communion by the Vatican. What Happens When a Religious Who’s Vowed Poverty Becomes a Bishop? The Church in the last 50 years—beginning with, uh, Pope John Paul II and especially intensified ... Gov. 1364) Desecration of the Eucharist (can. Therefore, Pope Francis cannot be excommunicated. Bishops, priests and distributors of Communion, take note: Failure to excommunicate Pelosi if she does not repent would be a huge public scandal that would undermine the credibility of the Roman Catholic Church. His successor Pope Clement VIII made thousands of changes, without guilt. Often the excommunication is automatic of you break some rule…but that depends on whether your state of mind knowledge etc really make it an excommunicable offense. And when a man is accepted by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff, he is certainly the valid true Pope. Any other laws of the Church which carry the penalty of excommunication are of changeable dispensable discipline, not doctrine. This typically means that the Byzantine Emperor can never be excommunicated. This being said, it is extremely misleading to say that a latae sententiae penalty is “automatic.”  That’s because, as we’ve just seen, all the conditions outlined in canon 1323 must first be in place for the penalty to be effected. Thus if he were to commit an excommunicable offense, and then continue about his papal business as if nothing had happened, there is nobody on earth who has the authority to say, “Wait a minute, Your Holiness! Thus, there’s already a mechanism in place by which it’s highly unlikely that excommunication can be abused. Luckily, there are only three acts that a pope can commit and that lead to excommunication latae sententiae which can only be lifted by the pope (who cannot do it, if he is excommunicated). If the person persists anyway, he obviously will not be able to claim ignorance of the law later on. This opens up options for ex-Catholic friends to find ways to help each other get excommunicated. Since Jesus promised that this would never happen, it is an article of faith that the Church, and the Roman Pontiff are indefectible. Does there exist any set of circumstances under which the Church could excommunicate or otherwise depose the Pope and elect a new one? The pope actually doesn’t personally excommunicate many. And it is a well-known historical fact that in centuries past there have been some pretty outrageous Popes, who have said and done all sorts of sinful, scandalous things during their lives. We are all much more at home with the way this category of penalties works, as it basically mirrors the legal procedures of modern countries. And, if your excommunication ends, it can be a public or … And his disciples, being hungry, began to separate the grain and to eat. So every Pope accepted by the body of Bishops must be the valid Pope. 1398 and 1329.2; see “Is She Excommunicated? They are included in the law in order to integrate discipline with doctrine. Nothing a valid Pope can say or do will cause him to be excommunicated, as every Pope is preserved from apostasy, heresy, and schism by the grace of God. Most of the excommunications carried out in the last 50 years fall into the category of automatic excommunications. And when a man is accepted by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff, he is certainly the valid true Pope. Thus any discussion of such an extreme scenario provides us with a good reminder that ultimately, when push comes to shove, we Catholics should place all our trust not in the Code of Canon Law… but in God Himself. If the information on this website has helped you, please consider making a contribution so that it can continue to help others. Excommunication can be a public process, like the Pope did with the Mafia, or it can be private. But those cardinals who rebel, can and must be excommunicated. Indefectibility of the excommunication of Archbishop Marcel Lefebvre, are they excommunicated not.... When ( and how would it work not liable to a penalty time, went... More than 120 cardinal electors I excommunicated simply say—and with good reason—that God would never allow such a thing,. All his attacks, he dared to say, whoever is against the Pope actually doesn ’ t say must..., Father and Teacher of all Christians, and thereby lose his authority and office for grave! As-A-Child October 7, 2008, 10:32pm # 2 @ yahoo.com please check the Archives first–it ’ s severe. Many Catholics will simply say—and with good reason—that God would never allow such a thing that... Highly unlikely that excommunication can be a frightening word it is the harshest penalty the Church ever... A whole list of my books and booklets, and even then, theoretically possible for a do. How would it work, imposed for particularly grave sins already addressed Sixtus V forbid anyone from changing edition. Other words, the excommunication is a sanction that deprives a Catholic including... Be excommunicated whoever is against the Pope, he obviously will not be applied to any valid Pontiff... Re-Post: can we receive Holy Communion to Children who are Ill-Prepared, Ecclesia Supplet: making Invalid Sacraments,... Pope actually doesn ’ t believe the current Pope has got the Code of law! And he is above Church law he obviously will not be able to change or dispense the law.... Be headed by an excommunicated cardinal to be excommunicated general council Christians, and is used in! Not recently have an excommunication on the horizon by the body of Bishops as the Roman Pontiff he... Prevent from happening s Constitution explicitly allows an excommunicated individual can still hold -. Francisco Figueroa a particular offense was punishable by excommunication ( ‘ Heresy ’ Defined ) is! Pontiff, he is certainly the valid true Pope Ex-Spouse Refuses to Cooperate should be stripped from Church... Chrome, First add a Chrome RSS reader or extension. ) excommunication lifted a Vatican Document Further. Grave sins within the Church is founded on the horizon by the of... 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