Their sacrifices and protests eventually made the revolution come true. With an increase of population, land prices rose while income wages were kept low4. The causes included a weak government, indecisive leaders and, a … The Russian Revolution caused the encounter of labors and people. The October revolution took part in November 1917 which is often referred to as the November revolution. The 1917 Russian revolution was triggered by many different events and their outcomes in the time of Tsar Nicholas IIs ruling. And it appealed primarily against the monarch and his government. The Russian Revolution happened because of discontentment of with the tsar, poverty in Russia, and lack of control over the government. However, the Tzar was not even at his traditional home as he had left for some quiet time and reflection with his family26. Not only was food scarce, the people were forced to pay heavy taxes and the gap between the peasants and the nobles was widening every day. The fundamental causes of the Russian Revolution were the direct consequence of a dreadfully long period of suppression of the Russian people combined with a prolonged instability of the Russian government. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay … Company Registration No: 4964706. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. The historians, for example, have been confronted by the questions of whether the revolution was a response to conditions in Russia or it was part of an inevitable political and social process as Marxists claims. During the In January of 1905, protesters were protesting in front of the winter palace because of extreme poverty and starvation, Betina Velasco *You can also browse our support articles here >. The All Russian Peasant Union to over 100 000 members in 42 provinces. It happened during the 20th century and was the rise of communism and the rise of the Soviet Union. Not only did the government fail to help the people, but it was also forbidden for newspapers to publicly name the problem, even though they printed the stories anyway. MWH, 6th period By December of 1905 army mutinies began to take affect in cities and in Odessa on the Potemkin battleship. It shows that faith in the government is decreasing and that a revolution is becoming more likely. With the growth of Industrialization, the peasants were forced to find jobs in factories, and with the building of railways they were able to travel great distances for work5. This event is known as the Russian Revolution (or the Bolshevik / October Revolution). It would also seem that in 1894 when Czar Nicholas II ascended the thrown, he would lead a regime that was doomed to failure with all the problems the nation was having. Vladimir Lenin himself said “History will not forgive us if we do not assumer power” The October Revolution was a bloodless event. They could not handle the very low payment and long working hours, 14 hours in average, and soon ended up revolting and rising riots and marches, December 2016 1. A congress of Zemstva and Town Duma representatives met and to organize a proposal to the government to restore order to the nation. This seems to be a condition of the upcoming revolution16. CAUSES OF THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION OF MARCH 1917 Ben I’ve got to do an essay on the Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917. “War made revolution possible but made rebuilding society impossible”. Research Essay - Russian Revolution The February Revolution, in which overthrew the imperial government and the October Revolution, placed the Bolsheviks in power (britannica.com). With the Russo-Japanese war in effect, wheat exports to the far west were stopped and the economy suffered as the Czar refused to change.19 In 1902-1903, peasant revolts became more common as strikes increased. 'Brushed aside the hand that was offered them’ this was said by Milyukov, Kadet leader. Mr. Lira With Russian’s politics still in a state of constant flux, Lenin realized that it was the right time to capitalize on his party’s popularity. The catalyst of Bloody Sunday and the response of repression through the massacre sent the country into a series of mass revolt that made up the revolution. According to some historians, in any revolution, the revolutionaries always resort to the same ideas and methods as the old regime. It can be argued that the most important reason of the cause of the 1917 revolution was the tsar’s political failings, where he lost his last opportunity of saving the Romanov dynasty. The Russian Revolution resulted in a variety of causes which included the harsh conditions Russians had to endure, the inability of Tsar Nicholas to rule the country efficiently, the internal failings of World War 1 and finally, the rise of the Bolsheviks after the fall of the autocracy. “The end of serfdom was a major event in Russia; yet it just wasn 't enough.”, in 1861. Use evidence and historians’ views to support your answer. The October Revolution was the final phase of the Russian revolution, and was caused by the Bolsheviks. The first world war had major affect on Russia due to major defeats and inaccurate advice causing over 3.8million the be wounded and large numbers of people left dead. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. This reform offered civil liberties, a state Duma and a cancellation of peasant redemption payments36. The Russian revolution has remained one of the most notable events of recent history. In Russia, these revolutions have a variety of complex causes and often have a vast impact on the lives of the people involved. The three major causes of the Russian Revolution were Russia’s participation in World, 1. The regime responded by arresting the delegates. The peasants paid more money to the monarchy than they did to landlords, and nobles kept the best lands for themselves resulting in the peasants to have land which was difficult to farm3. Read this History Other Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution in which some can be traced back to 1861 under the rule of Czar Alexander II and his series of reforms, such as, the Emancipation of the serfs, and creating the Zemstva1. The October Revolution was caused solely by Bolshevik decisions. The people began to call for a constitution.34 In September unrest continued to escalate. Their sacrifices and protests eventually made the revolution come true. During the revolution, Russia experienced a phase of economic deterioration characterized by population increase, which strained the economy and resources in the country, failure of crops and inability of taxes to caution the country from various problems thus, resulting in massive poverty and … Now there is silence, but it is also the silence before the storm. Even before the war everyone knew that Russia was not ready and the majority had the perception that Russia was forced into a war with Germany because of Serbia. The Russian revolution was a pair of two revolutions during the years of 1905 and 1917, that were the result of Russia’s poor conditions at the time. Provincial leaders began to complain that the peasants took the promises of the Manifesto and seized lands as the peasants still resisted tradition authority37, The people continued to revolt. Russia was an enigma, it was feared because of its massive size, the Tsar was an Autocrat, which means no legal restrictions on the Tsar took place and no elections were represented. 4 Pages • Essays / Projects • Year: Pre-2017. According to Dictionary.com, “A revolution is an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed” (Dictionary.com Staff). Anne The Revolution of … However, without an organized leader, they did not result in much success. October 26, 2014 It expanded to a strike of over 100 000 people stopping work on 7 January 190523. The soldiers, who were nervous, also panicked and open fired into the crowd. During the night 12 000 soldiers were dispersed through the city in anticipation of the march and to prevent marchers from reaching the palace. The Appeal of Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Communism had major effects in the world, because it caused many of the major wars in modern history. The causes of the revolution go back many years before the actual revolution had even showed signs of breaking out. It was known by many that that the events of Bloody Sunday where just the beginning as shown in a letter by a student named Kerensky: “I am sorry not to have written to you earlier, but we have been living here in such a state of shock that it was impossible to write. A few of the terrible conditions were food shortages and overcrowding populations that became brutal and uncontrollable, The Russian Revolution had happened for two years from 1904 to 1906. The public began to press for a greater role in the affairs of the nation. 1st Essay Sample on Causes of the Russian Revolution Throughout global history, there have been major social, economic, and political revolutions. The governmental body, the Zemstava was established in 1864 and held responsibilities such as social welfare6. Russia 's army was ill- equipped. Wars are what primarily caused revolutions and multiple have caused the Russian revolution in 1917. Before all of the revolution of 1905 in Russia happened, problems since the years before 1905 triggered a long run of anger and rage of the Russian citizens. The people of the country suffered greatly under the regime of the many of the Czars through reforms, incompetence and general disregard of the needs of the people. Even if he had wanted to, it would have been impossible as the people were ready to die for this cause24. These reforms, along with other reforms, were still not solving the problems for the people within Russia. The respite of the ban was seen by the people as the main cause of the famine13. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most significant events in the 20th century. The Zemstava consisted of intellects such as doctors, teachers, nurses and lawyers who often opposed intellectual values of the state. Whatever the revolutionaries wanted, it was not the overthrow of the Tsar.' The revolution came about through a long phase of repression, unrest, and poverty for the average working-class Russian of the 20th Century. The catalyst, which led to the march on Bloody Sunday, was sparked by four members of Father Gapons association being fired from their jobs22. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Reforms,such as the Emancipation of the Serfs, creation of the Zemstva aided in the beginning of the road to revolution. One of these groups was the Bolshevik party. We had the weakness of Russia, the World War one, the mistakes of Tsar's, Army abandoned the Tsar, Duma abandoned Tsars, but the, year 1917, there was also a major revolution in Russia. In November, The All Russian Peasants Union met in Moscow. 3. Read More. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Free resources to assist you with your university studies! At first this group was focused on forming clubs and such activities, but as time went on they became more radical. It happened because there were a series of revolution that started in 1905, including the bloody sunday. Some members of the Zemstava even had thought of a constitutional monarchy in place of a ruling Czar7. The Russian Revolution Essay. What was intended as the people of the nation coming to their Tzar in peaceful display for help turned into a day of massacre. Since the socialist government overthrew the czarist government, there were both political and economic exchanges occurred in the revolution. 1st Jan 1970 However, through all these issues it remains evident that the main cause of the 1905 Russian Revolution was caused by the repression and unrest of the peasants. The Russian people saw the structure of the Government as a crumbling disaster Nobles, Priests, Officials and, the Military were rulers and the governors of Russia that weren’t effected by the change that was happening. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. Like, The Russian Revolution is a series of political events that occurred during the years 1905 to 1924. The main causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were the poverty of the peasant class, the rise of the urban industrial class, the antiquated and oppressed military, a growing intellectual movement, and the inefficiency and autocracy of the Tsarist regime. Looking for a flexible role? This was all made worse by the loss of the Russo-Japanese war of 1904, the depression and the beliefs of the people that they were not being treated well17. The Russian Revolution was an event that shaped the rest of the 20th century worldwide. As well, a large amount of land was sold to the peasant bank for resale to peasants with easy terms. The Russian revolution has three main causes: political, social and economics. Russian revolution had five or six causes we have three really important causes. Serfdom, under feudalism, is the the status of peasants in which they are bound to a lord, or master, works on their land, and can be sold like property, The Russian Revolution started in 1905 through 1917. The Russian Revolution caused the encounter of labors and people. Punishments, such as public floggings and the burning of peasant villages were becoming common. Effects of the First World War. This aided in an increase in literacy as items such as books and news papers were more accessible to peasants. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? The events of the revolution were a direct result of the growing conflict in World War I, but the significance of an empire collapsing and a people rising up extends beyond the war effort. The governmental scheme, the Zubatov movement was successful as it provided workers with a legal platform for protesting and allowing occasional strikes. What Were the Causes of the Russian Revolution. It wasn’t until the government and Duma officials came a an agreement accepted by the regime and the people that the revolution of 1905 came to an end. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. Causes of the Russian Revolution Consider the following causes of the October 1917 Russian Revolution: Poor Living and Working Conditions. The dramatic change of government from an absolute monarchy to a communist government in Russia came to be because of a variety of different reasons. Soon things began to settle down and people began to lose interest40. This was one of the events that the Bolsheviks promoted and it added immensely to their support. May of 1905 is significant within the strikes as it was the the first time a strike committee called themselves ‘soviets’.31 70 000 were involved in the strike and and took charge of local military and political operations.32 This was achieved through non-official elections held throughout Russia in the beginning of creating the soviets.33 As the people rebelled, cases of arson on gentry land increased, and land seizures occurred. Politically, it was a disaster as it presented the government as irresponsible, torpid and incompetent. In 1891 a great famine occurred, due to rapid industrial growth. Before 1905, Russia was a country that was led by a Czar who held full power and control over the country and its inhabitants. However, the Manifesto did not seem to help. In my opinion, the most important causes that caused the Russian Revolution were World War One, poverty, and the Russo-Japanese War. There is no Tzar.”29. 1 Maureen Perrie, “The Russian Peasant movement of 1905-1907: Its social composition and revolutionary significance”, 9Orlando Figes, A People’s Tragedy: Russian Revolution 1891-1924 (Great Britain: Jonathon Cape, Random House, 1996), 157, 16Beryl Williams, “1905 Russia” History Today 55.5 (May 2005) : p. 44-48, 31Eric R Wolf, Peasant wars of the twentieth century (United States of America: First Harper Torchbook, 1969), p.85, 33Robert Service, The Russian Revolution, 1900-1927 () p.31-32, 35Esther Kingston-Mann, “Lenin and the challenge of Peasant Militance: From Bloody Sunday, 1905 to the dissolution of the first Duma,” Russian Review, 38.5 (Oct, 1979) pp. In 1917 the world saw the biggest change in the social, political and economic system of Russia. 4. The biggest mistake the government made was the postponement of cereal exports which did not come into effect until late into the crisis. The Russian Revolution of 1917 covers the major events such as the February Revolution and the October Revolution that result in the established of the Soviet Union. French traveler who visited St. Petersburg. The Limitations of the 1917 Provisional Government. The writer of this source, Alexander Guchkov was the leader of the Octobrists, a party basically loyal to the Tsar and his government. These issues caused a lot of unrest within the peasant population of the Russian regime. When the war started, it was greeted with some enthusiasm but it soon became clear that the Russian industry was too far behind the standards of the time and could not cope with an expensive war. To what extent is this true of the Russian Revolution> 2. ...'The underlying causes of the 1905 revolution in Russia were not political. The workers wanted to be treated as people with more equality, justice and dignity within the work place and end issues such as sexual harassment and ill treatment. a freely elected legislature of people’s representatives) or there will be a bloody and terrible conflict, no doubt ending in the victory of the reaction.” 30, Throughout 1905, peasants continued to participate in strikes. They marched singing Hymns and patriotic songs in a peaceful state of mind.25 The people believed they would present their problems to the Tzar, and the Tzar, having an obligation to the people, would help end their miseries and solve the problems they desperately wanted solved. For the revolution to begin and finally end with a communist power in Russia, there needed to be causes. “Women pla… The Russian revolution was caused by the continual breakdown of the governments in Russia and the incompetency and authoritarian views of it’s czars. However, these groups were often not trusted by the workers who supported mutual aid schemes devised by other workers20. There were many problems with this reform. The Union delegates demanded a few things such as a constitutional assembly and the transfer of all landed property. The Emancipation of the serfs was a reform which allowed serfs the freedom of civil rights and allowed them to own land2. The revolution forced Nicholas II to resign and transformed the Russian Empire into the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) or the Soviet Union. There were many instances that perceived the government as uncaring, as such; widespread rumors of food deliveries being held back until ‘statistical proof was given11 showing the people were unable to feed themselves, often too late for actual help; relief work schemes set up to employ peasantry who where on their death beds; and the removal and quarantine of people who had contracted cholera, which resulted in riots from the public12. The Russian Revolution Cause and Effect Essay The Russian revolution refers to a series of events that took place in Russia in the 1917. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. The soldiers fired two warning shots and a third gun was aimed directly at the crowd. Only Marxism seemed able to explain the causes of the famine and began to become a national ideology. ...assess the causes of the 1917 revolution? Home — Essay Samples — History — Russian Revolution of 1905 — Russian Revolution This essay has been submitted by a student. Although Russian Revolution is usually acknowledged as one revolution, it in fact consists of two different revolutions. As the marchers approached the Narva Gates, they were faced with the guns of the waiting infantry27. The Crimean war took place from October 1853 to February 1856. However, by this time, the government began to repress the strikes by force. On January 7 Father Gapon was ordered to put an end to the march. the country in 1917. The industrial workers were the biggest group that had received great hardships and the biggest contributors to the Russian Revolution. However in this essay one will argue that the economic problems caused be … For three centuries before the revolution, life in Russia was not peaceful. The government attempted to deal with the famine and mass starvation, but was slowed down by its bureaucracy and a transportation system that was unable to cope10. At the same time, to maintain its status as a great power, the Tsar, Russian Revolution Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. These economic issues troubled Russia before, during and after World War One. A long line of tyrannical Tsars had ruled the country self-interestedly for many centuries, and over 95% of the country lived under severe economic and social conditions. Social groups began to reappear with great enthusiasm15. Either the demands of society will be satisfied (i.e. You can view samples of our professional work here. Causes of the Russian Revolution Essay. Causes of Russian Revolution: • Dissatisfaction with Existing Conditions: The conditions in Russia were not optimistic. Between October 1905 and March 1906, The number of strikes receded from 450 000 to 50 000 soviet strikes.38. They were a communist party and ended up taking over Russia by the end of the revolution. The proposal was made of agrarian and legal reforms. During the World War 1 Russia witnessed the transition to a different and renewed that brought with itself some good and bad consequences; however it is necessary to analyze and understand each phase of the process in order to create a concept and a point of view. How far do you agree with this claim? The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most explosive events in terms of politics, that Russia has ever come in contact with. In fact, revolutions would often come after wars or sometimes even while it took place. All work is written to order. The people of Russia split themselves into several political groups, all fighting over how the government should be run. The Financial Manifesto of December 1905 was signed, which called for a mass refusal to pay taxes and a demand by depositors for payments39. Issues were intensified and the Czar showed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants in the famine of 1891. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Oh, ‘these awful days’ in Peter will remain forever in the memories of the people who lived them. When Alexander II died in 1881, his son Alexander III took the throne. By the end of the nineteenth century, Russia’s economy, government, military, and social organization was at an extreme decline. In the early 1900’s depression set in and many Russians became unemployed. In January over 400 000 workers participated in a workers strike across the country. Reforms,such as the Emancipation of the Serfs, creation of the Zemstva aided in the beginning of the road to revolution. It completely changed the government and outlook on life in the very large country of Russia. The Russian Revolution Here are some of the causes of the Russian Revolution in March 1917: ~Failures in the War ~The mutiny in the Army ~The Tsarina and Rasputin ~Food Shortages ~Strikes PREFACE: In 1904 The Tsar of Russia (Nicholas II) embarked on a war with Japan, hoping for a quick and glorious victory that would unite the country, … 2054 Words9 Pages. In attempt to explain the causes of the Russian revolution, the historians raised various questions. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Discuss three reasons why a democratic government failed to take root in Russia between 1905 and 1918. The final blow came after an all-out failed offensive in July 1917 when, because of two arrogant officers and their personal dislike for each other, half a million Russian soldiers were slaughtered by about 200,000 German ones. Bloody Sunday was final blow to the Russian people who after this day fully revolted against the Tsarist state. Referring to three different wars, discuss the relationship between war and revolution in Russia between 1905 and 1921. During this crisis the Czar displayed incompetence and ill regard towards the peasants that made up the majority of the Russian population9. VAT Registration No: 842417633. By this time Lenin was an active member and encourage the people to ‘fight an uninterrupted revolution that might convene until socialism was established.’35On October 17 1905 the Czar issued the October Manifesto. There were many causes of the 1905 Russian Revolution as the people suffered under the regime of a Czar. The army was not well supported or equipped to fight the more advance German forces and was often short of rifles and ammo. After the display of ill regard towards the peasants during the march, people, much in anger, continued to strike against the regime. He supported the Nobles, as for the government it was small, inefficient, and. Causes of the Russian Revolution of March 1917 The causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 were a combination of factors: The state of the Russian economy before World War 1 was a major factor.... Another cause was the political factor and the Tsars belief in his divine right to rule Russia. The people panicked and some of the marchers dispersed, but most dropped to the ground. Repression and unrest with the peasants in Russia were the cause on the 1905 Russian Revolution. Study for free with our range of university lectures! The second one is called the Bolshevik Revolution. Most Important Changes Ushered in by The Industrial Revolution in Britain, UK's Option to Reform its Electoral System for General Elections, Essay about The Effect Domestic Violence Has Upon Children, Exploring the Disadvantages Catholics Faced in Northern Ireland in the Mid 60’s. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Estimations of the death toll ranged between 150-200 people, while 450-800 people were estimated as being injured.28 In the middle of the chaos, Father Gapon was heard exclaiming “There is no God any longer. Essay question: To what extent was the Russian Revolution caused by individuals. The 1890’s seemed to become a decade of social change within the emergence of civil society that opposed the czarist state. Of Zemstva and Town Duma representatives met and to prevent marchers from reaching the palace rated... 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